Guilt and liability between Aristotle and Stoics

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46282/blr.2017.1.2.79

Keywords:

Aristotle, Stoics, Cicero, guilt, punishment, liability

Abstract

Cicero interpreted the Stoic term ἁμάρτημα, used already by Aristotle, as a “crime”, thus coming to a seeming paradox of equality of all crimes, when explaining the Stoic claim of all ἁμαρτήματα being equal. However, should the term refer rather to illegality or “guilt”, all quotes become much less paradoxical. This seems even more appropriate in the context of responsibility for “killing one’ s father” mentioned in Stoic (and Aristotle’ s) treatises.

References

ACKRILL, J. L. Aristotle on Action. In: RORTY, A. O.: Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1980.

ARISTOTLE. Nicomachean Ethics. Tr. C. D. C. Reeve. Indianapolis : Hackett Publishing Company, 2014.

BARTLETT, R. C. – COLLINS, S. D. (eds.) Action and contemplation : studies in the moral and political thought of Aristotle. Albany : State University of New York Press, 1999.

BAYNE, T. Libet and the Case for Free Will Scepticism. In: SWINBURNE, R. (ed.): Free Will and Modern Science. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2011.

BLITZ, M. Plato’s political philosophy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.

CICERO, M. T. De !nibus III. Available at: http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Cicero/de_Finibus/3*.html (accessed on 22 September 2017).

CICERO, M. T. The Orations of Marcus Tullius Cicero. Tr. C. D. Yonge. London : Henry G. Bohn, 1856.

COLLINS, S. D. Aristotle and the Rediscovery of Citizenship. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006.

DAHL, N. O. Aristotle on Action, Practical Reason, and Weakness of the Will. In: ANAGNOSTOPOULOS, G. (ed.) A Companion to Aristotle. Oxford : Blackwell Publishing, 2009.

GADAMER, H.-G. The Idea of Good in Platonic-Aristotelian Philosophy. New Haven : Yale University Press, 1986.

HEINAMAN, R. Voluntary, Involuntary, and Choice. In: ANAGNOSTOPOULOS, G. (ed.): A Companion to Aristotle. Oxford : Blackwell Publishing, 2009.

HUGHES, G. J. The Routledge guidebook to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Oxon : Routledge, 2013. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203082782

IBBETSON, D. Wrongs and Responsibility in Pre-Roman Law. In: The Journal of Legal History, 2004, 2, pp. 99–127.

LURJE, M. Die Suche nach der Schuld: Sophokles‘ Oedipus Rex, Aristoteles‘ Poetik und das Tragödienverständnis der Neuzeit. In: Beiträge zur Altertumskunde, Bd. 209. Berlin, New York : Walter de Gruyter, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110944419

MACINTYRE, A. After Virtue : A Study in Moral Theory. Notre Dame : University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.

MARTIN, R. P. Two Hundred New Testament Word Studies That Could Change Your Life. Available at: https://pioneernt.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/200-studies-corrected-10-2014.pdf (accessed on 22 September 2017).

PAKALUK, M. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics : An Introduction. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005.

PATOČKA, J. Platón a Evropa. Praha : Filosofia, 2007.

PRICE, A. W. Acrasia and Self-control. In: KRAUT, R. (ed.): The Blackwell guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean ethics. Oxford : Blackwell Publishing, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470776513.ch11

PYCHYL, T. A.: Free Won’t: It May Be All That We Have (or Need). Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/dont-delay/201106/free-wont-it-may-be-all-we-have-or-need (accessed on 22 September 2017).

RAPP, C. Free Will, Choice, and Responsibility (Book III.1–5 [1–7]). In: HOFFE, O. (ed.): Aristotle’s „Nicomachean ethics“. Tr. D. Fernbach. Leiden : Brill, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004177628.i-259.44

RIST, J. M. Stoická filosofie. Praha : OIKOYMENH, 1998.

ROSS, D. – BROWN, L. The Nicomachean Ethics/Aristotle. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2009.

SAUVÉ MEYER, S. Aristotle on the Voluntary. In: KRAUT, R. (ed.): The Blackwell guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean ethics. Oxford : Blackwell Publishing, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470776513.ch6

SORABJI, R. Necessity, Cause, and Blame : Perspectives on Aristotles’s Theory. New York : Cornell University Press, 1983.

WEBB, M. Cicero’s Paradoxa Stoicorum: A New Translation with Philosophical Commentary. Available at: https://repositories.tdl.org/ttu-ir/bitstream/handle/2346/13953/31295003909982.pdf?sequence=1 (accessed on 22 September 2017).

Downloads

Published

2017-12-31

How to Cite

Gábriš, T. (2017). Guilt and liability between Aristotle and Stoics. Bratislava Law Review, 1(2), 84-95. https://doi.org/10.46282/blr.2017.1.2.79

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)