Reconsidering the Abolition of Capital Punishment in Ghana

The Need for Legislative and Constitutional Amendments

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46282/blr.2022.6.1.284

Keywords:

Death penalty, ICCPR, ECHR, African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Constitution of Ghana, Criminal and Other Offences Act of Ghana

Abstract

The human rights argument for the abolishment of the death penalty has been firmly established in modern times in both practical terms and in the academic circles. Today, most countries have abolished the death penalty for various reasons, all of which are based on human rights. This paper is a contribution to the numerous studies calling for the abolition of the death penalty in various countries. Aside from discussing relevant international instruments (and other national instruments and judicial decisions) relevant to abolishing the death penalty, it focuses on issues concerning the death penalty in Ghana. The primary aim of this paper is to make a recommendation to both the executive and legislative arms of the Ghana government to abolish the death penalty.

Author Biography

Prince Obiri-Korang, University of Johannesburg

Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Research Centre for Private International Law in Emerging Countries
Faculty of Law, University of Johannesburg
Cnr Kingsway & University Roads
Auckland Park, Johannesburg, 2092
South Africa
pobiri-korang@uj.ac.za

References

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Constitutions

Constitution of Ghana, 1992.

Constitution of Hungary, 2011.

Constitution of Mozambique, 2004.

Constitution of Namibia, 1990.

Legislation

Ghana, Criminal and Other Offences Act (1960).

Ghana, Criminal and Other Offences (Procedure) Act (1960).

International instrument

African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (1986).

American Convention on Human Rights to abolish the death penalty (1990).

Arab Charter on Human Rights (2004).

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Concerning the Abolition of the Death Penalty in All Circumstances (2003).

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966).

Protocol 6 to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1953).

Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms Concerning the Abolition of the Death Penalty in All Circumstances (2003).

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (2002).

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1989).

Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations (1948).

Cases

ACHPR, International Pen and Others v. Nigeria, AHRLR 212, Communications No. 137/94, 139/94, 154/96 and 161/97, 31 October 1998.

ACHPR, Constitutional Rights Project v. Nigeria, AHRLR 248, Communication No. 143/95, 150/96, 15 November 1999.

ACHPR, Amnesty International and Others v. Sudan, AHRLR 297, Communication No. 48/90, 50/91, 52/91, 89/93, 15 November 1999.

Canada, Kindler v. Canada, [1991] 2 SCR 779, 26 September 1991.

ECtHR, Soering v. United Kingdom, app. no. 14038/88, 7 July 1989.

ECtHR, Öcalan v. Turkey, app. no. 46221/99, 12 May 2005.

Ghana, Republic v. Udeotuk Wills and Another, GHAHC 2021.

HRC, Carlton Reid v Jamaica Communication No. 250/1987, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/39/D/250/1987, 20 July 1990.

HRC, Dexter Eddie Johnson v. Ghana, Communication No. 2177/2012, CCPR/C/110/D/2177/2012, 6 May 2014.

Hungary, Decision of the Constitutional Court, No 23/1990 (X 31) AB, 24 October 1990.

South Africa, Makwanyane and Mchunu v. The State, Case No. CCT/3/94, 6 June 1995.

South Africa, Mohamed and Another v. President of the RSA and Others, Case No. CCT17/01, 28 May 2001.

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Published

30-06-2022

How to Cite

Obiri-Korang, P. (2022). Reconsidering the Abolition of Capital Punishment in Ghana: The Need for Legislative and Constitutional Amendments. Bratislava Law Review, 6(1), 107–124. https://doi.org/10.46282/blr.2022.6.1.284

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Discussion Papers and Commentaries

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