Private antitrust enforcement in digital market
Keywords:Private antitrust enforcement, digital market, on-line platforms, networks, third-party sellers, market characteristics, antitrust damages claims
The increasing popularity of private antitrust enforcement in the EU is reflected by number of antitrust damages claims in the member states, following the transposition of the Damages Directive. Meanwhile, rapid growth of digitization in every aspect of social and economic life, particularly in business like commerce and services, has taken place. Recently, the above phenomenon was intensified by COVID-19. This paper aims at discussing private antitrust enforcement and antitrust damages claims in the context of digital transformation of the market. To this extent, there are several main characteristics of the market (e.g. multi-sided platforms, the role of third-party sellers, etc.), that have to be taken into consideration in the above discussion.
Bundeskartellamt. (2019). Algorithms and Competition. Executive Summary. Available at: https://www.bundeskartellamt.de/SharedDocs/Publikation/EN/Berichte/Algorithms_and_Competition_summary.pdf;jsessionid=6A11BAF19E1FAE586226AC4380C3425D.1_cid390?__blob=publicationFile&v=4 (accessed on 04.12.2020).
Bundeskartellamt. (2016). Working Paper. The Market Power of Platforms and Networks. Executive Summary. Available at: https://www.bundeskartellamt.de/SharedDocs/Publikation/EN/Berichte/Think-Tank-Bericht-Zusammenfassung.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=4 (accessed on 04.12.2020).
Competition: Commission consults stakeholders on the Market Definition Notice, 26 June 2020. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_20_1187 (accessed on 04.12.2020).
Dunne, N. (2014). The Role of Private Enforcement within EU Competition Law. King’s College London Dickson Poon School of Law, Legal Studies Research Paper Series, Paper No. 36/2014.
European Commission (2019). Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into possible anti-competitive conduct of Amazon, 17 July 2019. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_19_4291 (accessed on 04.12.2020).
Floyd, C. D. and Sullivan, E. T. (1996). Private Antitrust Actions, The Structure and Process of Civil Antitrust Litigation. Little, Brown and Company.
The French, Italian and Swedish Competition Authorities Accept the Commitments Offered by Booking.com. Available at: https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/multisite/ecn-brief/en/content/french-italian-and-swedish-competition-authorities-accept-commitments-offered-bookingcom (accessed on 04.12.2020).
Jones, C. A. (1999). Private Enforcement of Antitrust Law in the EU, UK and USA, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lande, R. H. (2006). Five Myths About Antitrust Damages. University of San Francisco Law Review, 40, 1-24.
Lande, R. H. (2004). Why Antitrust Damage Levels Should Be Raised. Loyola Consumer Law Review, 16(4), 329-345.
Lande, R. H. and Davis, J. P. (2010). Benefits from Private Antitrust Enforcement: An Analysis of Forty Cases. University of San Francisco Law Review, 42, 879-918.
Magana, G. (2019). Amazon is ending its restrictive pricing practice. Business Insider, 13 March 2019. Available at: https://www.businessinsider.com/amazon-ends-restrictive-pricing-parity-2019-3?IR=T (accessed on 04.12.2020).
Procedure against Allegro. A new platform for whistle-blowers, 10 December 2019. Available at: https://www.uokik.gov.pl/news.php?news_id=16014 (accessed on 04.12.2020).
Szmigiera, M. (2019). Distribution of credit card issuers worldwide in 2017, by purchase transactions, 11 December 2019. Available at: https://www.statista.com/statistics/278970/share-of-purchase-transactions-on-global-credit-cards/ (accessed on 04.12.2020).
UK Supreme Court gives important judgement in the Visa/Marstercard ‘interchange fee’ litigation, Sherman & Sterling, 23 June 2020. Available at: https://www.shearman.com/perspectives/2020/06/uk-supreme-court-gives-important-judgment-in-the-visa-mastercard-interchange-fee-litigation (accessed on 04.12.2020).
Wolski, D. (2016). The Principle of Liability in Private Antitrust Enforcement in Selected European States In Light of the Implementation of the Damages Directive into the Polish Legal System. Yearbook of Antitrust and Regulatory Studies, 9(14), 69-96.
Wolski, D. (2017). The Type of Liability in Private Enforcement in Selected CEE Countries Relating to the Implementation of the Damages Directive. Yearbook of Antitrust and Regulatory Studies, 10(15), 69-84.
Wu, T. (2011). The Master Switch. The Rise and Fall of Information Empires. Vintage Books.
Vestager, M. (2019). Defining markets in the new age, Speech, Chillin’ Competition Conference, Brussels, 9 December 2019. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/commissioners/2019-2024/vestager/announcements/defining-markets-new-age_en (accessed on 04.12.2020).
Givati, Y. and Kaplan, Y. (2020). Harm Displacement and Tort Doctrine. The Journal of Legal Studies, 49 (1), 1-30.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Bratislava Law Review
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The Author(s) transfers copyright to the Article to the Publisher of the Journal by the Licence Agreement.
The Author(s) retains rights specified in the Licence Agreement.
The readers may read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of all of the Article of the Journal and use them for any other lawful purpose under specified Creative Commons Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).