Alf Ross and his legal philosophy


  • Olexij M. Meteňkanyč Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law, Department of Theory of Law and Social Sciences



Alf Ross, Scandinavian Legal Realism, concept of law, validity of law, legal science


The article has the ambition to present basic information of Alf Ross’s legal philosophy, focusing on his understanding of validity of law, concept of rights, coercion in law, as well as the purpose of the legal science from his point of view as a representative of Scandinavian Legal Realism. In addition, within the article principal facts concerning life of Alf Ross and also list of his most important publications are presented.


BJARUP, J.: Skandinavischer Realismus: Hägerström – Lundstedt – Olivecrona – Ross (Scandinavian realism: Hägerström, Lundstedt, Olivecrona, Ross). Freiburg i. B. and München: Alber, 1978.

BRÖSTL, A.: Frontisterion. Bratislava: KALLIGRAM, 2009. 328 p. ISBN 978-80-8101-179-5.

COLOTKA, P. – KÁČER, M. – BERDISOVÁ, L.: Právna filozofia 20. storočia. Praha: Leges, 2016. 304 p., ISBN 978-80-7502-134-2.

DUXBURY, N.: Patterns of American Jurisprudence. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995. 520 p. ISBN 0-19-825850-X.

EVALD, J.: Alf Ross – a life. Copenhagen: DJØF Publishing, 2014, 374 p. ISBN 978-87-574-2786-8.

HART, H.L.A.: Scandinavian Realism. In: Cambridge Law Journal, 1959, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 233-240.

CHOVANCOVÁ, J. – VALENT, T.: Filozofia pre právnikov (filozoficko-právne aspekty). Bratislava: Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Právnická fakulta, 2012. 357 p. ISBN 978-80-7160-337-5.

KELSEN, H.: General theory of law and state. Trans. Anders Wedberg. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1945. 516 p.

KUBŮ, L. a kol.: Dějiny právní filozofie. Olomouc: UPOL, 2003. 202 p. ISBN 80-244-0466-4.

McCOUBREY, H. – WHITE, N. D.: Textbook on Jurisprudence. London: Blackstone Press Limited, 1999. 304 p. ISBN 9780199584345.

OLIVECRONA, K.: Becoming a king according to the old Swedish law: The rite of creating a king as a magic act. Lund: Lunds Universitets årsskri(, 1946.

PATTARO, E. – ROVERSI, C.: Legal Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: The Civil Law World. Volume 12, Tome 2: Main Orientations and Topics. Berlin: Springer, 2016. 850 p. ISBN 978-94-007-1478-6.

ROSS, A.: Directives and Norms. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968. 188 p.

ROSS, A.: On Law and Justice. London: Stevens & Sons, 1958. 377 p.

ROSS, A.: Towards a Realistic Jurisprudence. Trans. A. I. Fausbøll. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1946. 304 p.

ROSS, A.: Tû-Tû. In: Harvard Law Review, 1957, vol. 70, no. 5, p. 812-825. DOI:

SOBEK, T.: Nemorální právo. Praha: Ústav státu a práva, 2010. 423 p. ISBN 978-80-904024-7-8.

SOBEK, T.: Právní myšlení : Kritika moralismu. Praha: Ústav státu a práva, 2011. 620 p. ISBN 978-80-87439-03-6.

WAABEN, K.: Alf Ross 1899-1979: A Biographical Sketch. In: EJIL, 2003, Vol. 14, No. 4, p. 671-674.




How to Cite

Meteňkanyč, . O. (2018). Alf Ross and his legal philosophy. Bratislava Law Review, 2(2), 171–182.