Fraud in documentary letters of credit: A comparative study of excising international legal frameworks

Authors

  • Hamed Alavi Tallinn School of Law, Tallinn University of Technology, Faculty of Law, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46282/blr.2017.1.1.65

Keywords:

letters of credit, fraud

Abstract

Documentary letters of credit are among most popular trade finance instruments used in international business. Despite the fact that main purpose derived from application of documentary letters of credit is to reduce the risk of trade, their mere documentary nature makes them vulnerable to the problem fraud. There is a huge interest among legal scholars and academicians to analyse the nature of fraud in documentary letters of credit due to its important financial effect on smooth process of international trade and also diversified approach of different legal systems to this particular problem. However, majority of conducted studies are limited to most popular legal systems including British and American law. Need for studying the LC fraud in a comprehensive comparative manner among existing international legal frameworks is well noticed for long time. Due to their international nature, LC operation is subjected to substantial number of legal frameworks which most of them are either taking a silent position towards problem of fraud or do not show uniform approach to the it. In this paper, author tries to study di$erent sources of law in documentary letters of credit and their approach to the problem of fraud in a comparative manner. The main research question is what would be the position of fraud rule in applicable legal frameworks to the international LC operation and how do they approach the problem of fraud committed by beneficiary in documentary letters of credit? For this purpose, paper is divided into four main parts: After the introduction, second part will discuss the sources of law applicable to international LC transaction. Third section will analyse the legal nature of fraud in LC transaction. Fourth section will scrutinize the legal approach of different legal frameworks to fraud in documentary letters of credit and finally, the last section will sum up the discussion with concluding remarks.

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Published

2017-10-01

How to Cite

Alavi, H. (2017). Fraud in documentary letters of credit: A comparative study of excising international legal frameworks. Bratislava Law Review, 1(1), 48–69. https://doi.org/10.46282/blr.2017.1.1.65

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Studies